Classification Scheme

One of the easiest and most useful ways to search the historical databases created by the Bioethics Research Library at Georgetown University is to browse its classification scheme. Developed by the National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature to encompass the wide diversity found in the cross-disciplinary area of bioethics, it is used as a subject index to the extensive collection of periodical literature. Numbered from 1 to 22, beginning with general ethics, bioethics and philosophy of science, it becomes more specific as the numbers rise. Subdivisions within each main category point out specific topics within particular areas. The largest categories are 9 – Health Care, 18 – Human Experimentation, and 20 – Death and Dying. Note that each document is given only one primary classification number, but may have additional numbers to provide more specificity and to identify additional topics covered.

The following documents are provided using the free Adobe Acrobat Reader format. If you do not have the Adobe Acrobat Reader, you can download it from the Adobe web site.

 

Classification Scheme: HTML

1. Ethics

1.1 Philosophical Ethics
1.2 Religious Ethics
1.3 Applied and Professional Ethics
1.3.1 General
1.3.2 Business
1.3.3 Education
1.3.4 Engineering
1.3.5 Government / Criminal Justice
1.3.6 International Affairs
1.3.7 Journalism / Mass Media
1.3.8 Law
1.3.9 Scientific Research
1.3.10 Social Work
1.3.11 Agriculture
1.3.12 Information Technology
1.3.13 Social Sciences

2. Bioethics

2.1 General
2.2 History of Health Ethics/Bioethics
2.3 Education/Programs
2.4 Commissions/Councils

3. Philosophy of Biology

3.1 General
3.2 Evolution and Creation

4. Philosophies of Medicine and Health

4.1 Theory and Practice of the Health Professions
4.1.1 General
4.1.2 Medicine
4.1.3 Nursing
4.1.4 Dentistry
4.2 Concept of Health
4.3 Concept of Mental Health
4.4 Quality/Value of Life/Personhood
4.5 Enhancement

5. Science/Technology and Society

5.1 General
5.2 Technology/Risk Assessment
5.3 Social Control of Science/Technology
5.4 Nanotechnology

6. Codes of/Position Statements on Professional Ethics

7. Sociology of Health Care

7.1 General
7.2 Education for Health Care Professionals
7.3 Professional-Professional Relationship
7.4 Professional Misconduct

8. Patient Relationships

8.1 General
8.2 Truth Disclosure
8.3 Informed Consent
8.3.1 General
8.3.2 Minors/Parental Consent
8.3.3 Third Party Consent/Incompetents
8.3.4 Right to Refuse Treatment
8.3.5 Bills, Laws and Cases
8.4 Confidentiality/Privacy
8.5 Malpractice

9. Health Care

9.1 General
9.2 Right to Health Care/Access to Health Care
9.3 Health Care Economics
9.3.1 General
9.3.2 Managed Care
9.4 Allocation of Health Care Resources
9.5 Health Care for Specific Diseases/Groups
9.5.1 General
9.5.2 Aged
9.5.3 Mentally Disabled Persons
9.5.4 Minorities
9.5.5 Women
9.5.6 HIV Infection and AIDS
9.5.7 Newborns and Minors
9.5.8 Embryos and Fetuses
9.5.9 Substance Abusers/Users of Controlled Substances
9.5.10 Indigents
9.6 Ethics Committees/Consultation
9.7 Drugs and Drug Industry
9.8 Quality of Health Care

10. Sexuality/Gender


11. Contraception

11.1 General
11.2 Availability of Contraceptives to Minors
11.3 Sterilization
11.4 Failure of Contraception/Wrongful Birth

12. Abortion

12.1 General
12.2 Position Statements (of organizations/groups)
12.3 Moral and Religious Aspects
12.4 Legal Aspects
12.4.1 General
12.4.2 Interests of Woman/Fetus/Father
12.4.3 Interests of Health Personnel/Institutions
12.4.4 Bills, Laws and Cases
12.5 Social Aspects
12.5.1 General
12.5.2 Demographic Surveys/Attitudes
12.5.3 Abortion Counseling

13. Population

13.1 General
13.2 Population Growth
13.3 Population Policy

14. Reproduction/Reproductive Technologies

14.1 General
14.2 Artificial Insemination and Surrogacy
14.3 Sex Predetermination/Selection
14.4 In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer
14.5 Cloning
14.6 Cryobanking of Sperm, Ova, or Embryos

15. Genetics, Molecular Biology and Microbiology

15.1 General
15.2 Genetic Counseling/Prenatal Diagnosis
15.3 Genetic Screening/Testing
15.4 Gene Therapy/Transfer
15.5 Eugenics15.6 Behavioral Genetics15.7 Biohazards of Genetic Research15.8 Genetic Patents15.9 Sociobiology15.10 Genome Mapping15.11 Genetics and Human Ancestry

16. Environmental Quality


16.1 General16.2 Nuclear Power/Radiation16.3 Occupational Health


17. The Neurosciences and Mental Health Therapies

17.1 General
17.2 Psychotherapy
17.3 Behavior Modification
17.4 Psychopharmacology
17.5 Electrical Stimulation of the Brain
17.6 Psychosurgery
17.7 Involuntary Civil Commitment
17.8 Right of the Institutionalized to Treatment

18. Human Experimentation

18.1 General
18.2 Policy Guidelines/Inst. Review Boards/Review Cttes.
18.3 Informed Consent
18.4 Behavioral Research
18.5 Research on Special Populations
18.5.1 General
18.5.2 Newborns and Minors
18.5.3 Women
18.5.4 Embryos and Fetuses
18.5.5 Prisoners
18.5.6 Mentally Ill and Disabled Persons
18.5.7 Elderly and Terminally Ill Persons
18.5.8 Military and Government Personnel
18.5.9 Foreign Nationals
18.6 Social Control of Human Experimentation
18.7 Stem Cell Research

19. Artificial and Transplanted Organs/Tissues

19.1 General
19.2 Hearts
19.3 Kidneys
19.4 Blood
19.5 Donation/Procurement of Organs/Tissues
19.6 Allocation of Organs/Tissues

20. Death and Dying

20.1 General
20.2 Definition/Determination of Death
20.2.1 General
20.2.2 Bills, Laws and Cases
20.3 Attitudes Toward Death
20.3.1 General
20.3.2 Health Personnel
20.3.3 Family
20.3.4 Death Education
20.4 Care of the Dying Patient
20.4.1 General
20.4.2 Care of Dying Minors
20.5 Prolongation of Life and Euthanasia
20.5.1 General
20.5.2 Allowing Minors to Die
20.5.3 Bills, Laws and Cases
20.5.4 Living Wills/Advance Directives
20.6 Capital Punishment
20.7 Suicide/Assisted Suicide

21. International/Political Dimensions of
Biology and Medicine

21.1 General
21.2 War
21.3 Chemical and Biological Weapons
21.4 Torture and Genocide
21.5 Prisoners and Detainees
21.6 International Migration of Health Professionals
21.7 Cultural Pluralism

22. Animal Welfare

22.1 General
22.2 Animal Experimentation
22.3 Animal Production

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