Kennedy Institute of Ethics
Pandemic Means the Whole World: COVID-19 and Global Bioethics
Event Date: May 14, 2020
Pandemic COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. The articles, books, news items, and videos included in this reading list represent a selected snapshot of literature on ethical issues related to the COVID-19 / novel coronavirus and to general global bioethics that are available at this moment in time.
If you would like more bioethics resources related to COVID-19 in the United States, please refer to the COVID-19 Ethics Resource list on the website of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics’ Bioethics Research Library You will find specific articles and news items, as well as references to several institutions and organizations involved in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Visiting the websites of those institutions will allow you identify items that will be published into the future.
For continuing coverage of the COVID-19 pandemic, we also suggest that you visit
- The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) for the latest public health information: https://www.coronavirus.gov
- The National Institutes of Health (NIH) for the latest research: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
- The US National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Database: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ You can search terms such as pandemic ethics or COVID-19 in the search box to retrieve articles.
- To identify articles specifically focused on bioethical or ethical concerns and the COVID-19 pandemic, enter this search strategy in the search box: COVID-19 AND bioethics [sb]
We’ve organized this resource list into a handful of key topics. Readers of this reading list should realize that many of these issues are intersecting and inter-related and so single entries on the list likely will include discussion of a range of topics, including food insecurity, lack of access to healthcare, unstable housing, unsafe sanitation, etc. as well as any strengths found in a region or a country.
This resource list is organized into three sections as follows:
Section I: Resources from our Speakers
Section II: Selected Topics related to COVID-19 and Global Bioethics.
Selected article lists are identified; many topics also provide access to news items and web resources.
- COVID-19 and Global Health Issues
- COVID-19 and Clinical Research, including Vaccine Trials
- COVID-19 and Refugees, Migrants, and Other Vulnerable Populations
- COVID-19 and its Intersection with the Environment, Ecology and Climate Change
- COVID-19 and Education
- Resources related to the Mayan Community, Indigenous Populations & Vulnerable Peoples (compiled by Claudia Sotomayor, M.D., D.Be.)
- COVID-19 and Cameroon, Africa in general, and some other countries in Africa (compiled by Alban Pascal Noudjom Tchana, s.c.j., M.A., Ph.D. (cand.)
Section III: General Resources for Further Reading about Global Bioethics.
Section I: Speaker Resources
Daniel P. Sulmasy, M.D., Ph.D.– Moderator
Sulmasy, Daniel P. Bioethics in the Time of Coronavirus. 2020 April 9. (webinar)
Mark Dybul, M.D.
- Clemons, Steve and Dybul, Mark R. Dybul. Fears Focusing on American Health Needs Alone will Lead to Deadly Second COVID-19 Wave. Interview. The Hill’s Coronavirus Report. 2020 April 6. (video)
- Dybul, Mark; Morello, Robert; Smart, J.; Katz, Rebecca; Piot, Peter, et al. White Paper: COVID-19: A Global pandemic Demands a Global Response . 2020 April 23.
- (A link is also available from the news story: COVID-19: A Global Pandemic Demands a Global Responsedemic-demands-a-global-response/#)
- Jaffe, Eric and Dybul, Mark. Deciding Factors: The World’s Health is Our Health. Interview. GLC (podcast)
- Kumar, Raj and Dybul, Mark. Mark Dybul calls for global task force on COVID-19. Interview with Raj Kumar, Devex President and Editor-in-Chief. Devex.com 2020 April 1. (video) (Alternative access via: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQ5-yLHJS8c )
Lawrence O. Gostin, J.D.
- Gostin, Lawrence, O.; Friedmand, Eric A.; Wetter, Sarah A. Responding to Covid‐19: How to Navigate a Public Health Emergency Legally and Ethically Hastings Center Report 2020 March-April; 50(2): 8-12.
- Gostin, Lawrence, O.; Sircar, Neil.R.; Friedman, Eric A. Fighting Novel Diseases amidst Humanitarian Crises. Hastings Center Report. 2019 January- February; 49(1): 6-9
- 60 Minutes Australia. Who’s W.H.O. [World Health Organization] with Lawrence Gostin. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2WvzHvN6mCM&feature=youtu.be 2020 April 26 (video)
- Gostin, Lawrence O. and Wetter, Sarah. Two legal experts explain why the U.S. should not pull funding from the WHO amid COVID-19 pandemic. Forbes. 2020 April 13.
David Hollenbach, S.J., Ph.D.
- Hollenbach, David. Humanity in Crisis: Ethical and Religious Response to Refugees. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2019. Lauinger Library: Available, Stacks JV6346 .H65 2019
- Georgetown University Press, Georgetown College, and Georgetown University Library. Books for a Better World Online Series: ‘Migrants and Refugees in a Time of Crisis‘ David Hollenbach (author) in conversation with Al Bertrand, Georgetown University Press Director. 2020 April 30. (video)
- Hollenbach, David. Borders and Duties to the Displaced: Ethical Perspectives on the Refugee Protection System. Journal of Migration and Human Security. 2018 August 8: 148–165
- Hollenbach, David. The Common Good and Christian Ethics. Cambridge University Press, 2002. Bioethics Research Library: Available, KIE Stacks BJ1249 .H578 2002
Claudia Ruiz Sotomayor, M.D., D.Be.
- Garcia, A. and Sotomayor, C.R. Undocumented immigrants, healthcare access and an illness narrative. Iuris Tantum. Mexico. 2017. 27: 373-380.
- Garcia A. and Sotomayor C.R. Convergence and Cooperation in Social Responsibility in Health. In: Tham, Joseph; Durante, Chris; García Gómez, Alberto eds. Religious Perspectives on Social Responsibility in Health, Advancing Global Bioethics 9. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018: 177-186
- Garcia A.; Lunstroth J.; Monlezun D.J.; Sotomayor C.R. Convergence of Human Rights and Duties: Towards a Global Bioethics. In: Tham, Joseph; Kwan, Kai Man; Garcia, Alberto eds. Religious Perspectives on Bioethics and Human Rights. Advancing Global Bioethics 6. Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2017: 59-74
Alban Pascal Noudjom Tchana, s.c.j., MA., Ph.D. (cand.)
- Caminos y retos de la bioética desde una perspectiva africana. Salto hacia una bioética africana. (Paths and challenges of bioethics from an African perspective. I leap towards African bioethics). Revista Iberoamericana De Bioética 2019-July 5; (10): 1-9
Section II: Selected Topics related to COVID-19 and global bioethics. Each section has a general article list; many sections also have entries for news items and web resources
COVID-19 and Global Health Issues
- Chattu, Vijay Kumar. and Yaya, Sanni. Emerging infectious diseases and outbreaks: implications for women’s reproductive health and rights in resource-poor settings. Reproductive Health 2020 Apr 1; 17(1): 43
- Danielle N. Poole, Danielle N.; Escudero, Daniel J.; Gostin, Lawrence, O.; David Leblang, David; Talbot, Elizabeth A. Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic in complex humanitarian crises. International Journal for Health Equity 2020: 19, 41.
- Drain, Paul K. and Garrett, Nigel. SARS-CoV-2 pandemic expanding in sub-Saharan Africa: Considerations for COVID-19 in people living with HIV. EClinicalMedicine.2020: 100342
- Ekong, Iniobong; Chukwu, Emeka; Chukwu, Martha. COVID-19 Mobile Positioning Data Contact Tracing and Patient Privacy Regulations: Exploratory Search of Global Response Strategies and the Use of Digital Tools in Nigeria. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2020; 8(4): e19139
- El-Sadr. Wafaa M. and Justman, Jessica. Africa in the Path of Covid-19. New England Journal of Medicine 2020 April 17
- Gharebaghi, Reza and Heidary, Fatemeh. COVID-19 and Iran: swimming with hands tied!
- Swiss Medical Weekly 2020; 150: w20242
- Hallo, Alejandro; Rojas,Alejandra; Hallo; Carlos. Perspective from Ecuador, the second country with more confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 in South America: a review Cureus 12(3): e7452.
- Joffé, George. COVID-19 and North Africa. Journal of North African Studies 2020: 1757334
- Lee, David and Lee, Jaehong. Testing on the move: South Korea’s rapid response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives 2020 May; 5:
- Litewka, Sergio G. and Heitman, Elizabeth. Latin American health systems in times of pandemic
- Developing World Bioethics. 2020 April 20.
- Louis-Jean, James; Cenat, Kenney; Sanon, Debbie; Stvil, Ruthonce. Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Haiti: A Call for Action. Journal of Community Health 2020; 45: 437-439
- Ohiaa, Chinenyenwa; Bakareyb, Adeleye S.; Ahmad, Tauseef. COVID-19 and Nigeria: putting the realities in context. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2020, 95.
- Otu, Akaninyene; Ebenso Bassey; Labonte, Ronald; Yaya, Sanni. Tackling COVID-19: Can the African continent play the long game? Journal of Global Health 2020 June; 10(1): 010339
- Shamasunder, Sriram; Holmes, Seth M.; Goronga, Tinashe; Carrasco, Hector; Katz, Elyse; Raphael Frankfurter, Raphael; Keshavjee, Salmaan. COVID-19 reveals weak health systems by design: why we must re-make global health in this historic moment . Global Public Health. 2020.
- Shuja, Kanwar Hamaz; Aqeel, Muhammad; Jaffar, Abbas; Ahmed, Ammar. COVID-19 Pandemic and impending mental health implications. Psychiatria Danubina 2020; 32(1): 32-35
- Thompson, Derek. What’s Behind South Korea’s COVID-19 Exceptionalism The Atlantic 2020 May 6
- Bermudez, Jorge and Prabhala, Achal. With Patents on Coronavirus Medicines, International Drug Companies Will Decide Whether Brazilians Live or Die. The Intercept 2020 May 7.
- Demby, Samantha. ‘No one’s looking out for us’: Mexico medical workers beg for PPE. Aljazeera.com 2020 April 30.
- Haque, Nicholas. Senegal trials begin for $1 COVID-19 test kit 9. Aljazeera.com. 2020 April 28. (video)
- Unah, Linus and Mussa, Comfort. Masks, bans and questions: Inside Cameroon’s COVID-19 response. Aljazeera.com 2020 April 23.
- Africa CDC. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). African Union
- Bioethics.com COVID-19. Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity.
- Broadbent, Alex and Smart, Benjamin T.H. Why a one-size-fits-all approach to Covid-19 could have lethal consequences. London School of Economics. 2020 March 27. (blog)
- Comisión Nacional de Bioética. Información relevante sobre el COVID-19. Gobierno de México (blog)
- Dupraz-Dobias, Paula. COVID-19 compounds a long list of problems in Guatemala. The New Humanitarian. 2020 May 4
- Global Health Justice Partnerships. Responding to the justice and rights implications of the COVID-19 pandemic. Yale Law School.
- Johannes John-Langba, Johannes and Nasaka John-Langba, Vivian. COVID-19 responses in Africa: implications for peace, security, and public health. Social Science Research Council.
- Johns Hopkins University. COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)
- Koteiche, Rayan. Syria’s Northwest Is on the Brink of a Coronavirus Disaster. Physicians for Human Rights. 2020 April 2.(blog)
- Ordu, Aloysius Uche. The coming of age of the Africa Centers for Disease Control. Brookings.edu. 2020 April 15.(blog)
- Robinson, Dave; Wilkinson, Olivia; Marshall, Katherine. From Poverty to Power: Religion and COVID-19: Four Lessons from the Ebola experience. Oxfam GB. 2020 April 8. (blog)
- Roser, Max; Ritchie, Hannah; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe. Statistics and Research. Our World in Data. Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID -19). Global Change Data Lab. (information updated daily)
- UNESCO. Webinar Series on Bioethics and Corona responses in the Arab region.
- United Nations. Policy Brief: A Disability-Inclusive Response to COVID-19. May 2020 (report, pdf)
- WHO. Global Health Ethics. Publications. World Health Organization
COVID-19 and Clinical Research, including Vaccine Trials
- COVID-19 Clinical Research Coalition. Global coalition to accelerate COVID-19 clinical research in resource-limited settings. Lancet. 2020 Apr 25; 395(10233): 1322-1325
- De Campos, Thana C. The traditional definition of pandemic, its moral conflations, its practical implications: a defense of conceptual clarity in global health laws and policies. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 2020 April; 29(2): 205-217
- Jee, Youngmee. WHO International Health Regulations Emergency Committee for the COVID-19 outbreak. Epidemiology and Health 2020; 42: e2020013
- Phelan, Alexandra L.; Katz, Rebecca; Gostin, Lawrence O. The novel coronavirus originating in Wuhan, China: challenges for global health governance. JAMA 2020; 323(8): 709-710
- Pratt, Bridget; Cheah, Phaik Yeong; Marsh, Vicki. Solidarity and community engagement in global health research. American Journal of Bioethics. 2020 May 4: 43-56
- Schuklenk, Udo. The ethical challenges of the SARS-COV-2 pandemic in the global south and the global north — same and different. Bioethics. 2020 April 28.
- Wright, Katherine and Sheather, Julian. The role of solidarity in research in global health emergencies. American Journal of Bioethics. 2020 May 4: 4-6
- Yamey G.; Schäferhoff M.; Hatchett, R.; Pate, M.; Zhao, F.; McDade, K.K. Ensuring global access to COVID-19 vaccines. Lancet. 2020 May 2; 395(10234): 1405-1406
- Nuffield Council of Bioethics. Research in global health emergencies
- Nuffield Council of Bioethics. Webinar – Tackling the challenges of conducting COVID-19 research ethically in lower income settings. 2020 May 1 (Nuffield Council of Bioethics website provides additional relevant resources.)
- PAHO. Pan American Health Organization. Guidance and strategies to streamline ethics review and oversight of COVID-19-related research, 7 April 2020
- World Health Organization. Global research on coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
COVID-19 and Refugees, Migrants, and Other Vulnerable Populations
- Corburn, Jason; Vlahov, David; Mberu, Blessing, et al. Slum Health: Arresting COVID-19 and Improving Well-Being in Urban Informal Settlements. Journal of Urban Health 2020 April 24.
- Friedler, Delilah. Navajo Nation Is Behind Only New York and New Jersey in Rates of COVID-19 Infection. What Happened? Mother Jones 2020 May 5.
- Gibson, Lesley and Rush,David. Novel coronavirus in Cape Town informal settlements: feasibility of using informal dwelling outlines to identify high risk areas for COVID-19 transmission from a social distancing perspective. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance. 2020 April-June; 6(2): e18844
- Gonçalves Júnior, Jucier; Paulinode de Sales, Jair; Moreno Moreira, Marcial; Rodrigues Pinheiro, Woneska; Kennedy Tavares Lima, Carlos; Leite Rolim Neto, Modesto. A crisis within the crisis: The mental health situation of refugees in the world during the 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak. Psychiatry Research. 2020 June; 28: 113000
- Kluge, Hans Henri P.; Jakab, Zsuzsanna ; Bartovic, Jozef; D’Anna, Veronika; Severoni, Santino Refugee and migrant health in the COVID-19 response. Lancet 2020 April 18; 395: 1237-1239
- Magaña Lopez, Miriam and Holmes, Seth M. Raids on Immigrant Communities During the Pandemic Threaten the Country’s Public Health. American Journal of Public Health 23 April 2020.
- Meyer, Jaimie P.; Franco-Paredes, Carlos; Parmar, Parveen; Yasin, Faiza; Gartland, Matthew. COVID-19 and the coming epidemic in US immigration detention centres. Lancet 2020 April 15.
- Orcutt, Miriam; Patel, Parth; Burns, Rachel; Hiam, Lucinda; Aldridge, Rob; Devakumar, Delan; Kumar, Bernadette; Spiegel, Paul; Abubakarb, Ibrahim. Global call to action for inclusion of migrants and refugees in the COVID-19 response. Lancet 2020 May 9; 395: 1482-1483
- Subbaraman,Nidhi. ‘Distancing is impossible’: refugee camps race to avert coronavirus catastrophe. Nature 24 April 2020; 581: 18
- Torero, Maximo. Without food, there can be no exit from the pandemic. Nature 23 April 2020; 580: 588-589
- Vince, Gaia. The world’s largest refugee camp prepares for covid-19. BMJ 202; 368: m1205
- Wilkinson, Annie. Local response in health emergencies: key considerations for addressing the COVID-19 pandemic in informal urban settlements. Environment and Urbanization. 2020 May 5.
- Dahir, Abdi Latif. 135 Million Face Starvation. That Could Double. New York Times
- Estrin, Daniel. Still Locked In Conflict, Israelis And Palestinians Need Each Other To Fight COVID-19. National Public Radio.
- Fanzo, Jessica. COVID-19 threatens to starve Africa. The continent has some unique strengths in the pandemic, but food insecurity is a special vulnerability. Bloomberg.com
- Semple, Kirk. Across Globe, Migrant Flow Comes to Halt. New York Times
- Un News. Food insecurity in West Africa could leave 43 million at risk as coronavirus hits. United Nations
- Valencia, Alexandra. Ecuador indigenous community fears extinction from COVID-19. Reuters
- Anthem, Paul. Risk of Hunger Pandemic as COVID-19 set to Almost Double Acute Hunger by End of 2020. 2020 April 16. World Food Programme
- Basok, Tanya and George, Glynis. Migrant workers face further social isolation and mental health challenges during coronavirus pandemic. The Conversation (blog)
- Berlinger, Nancy. Hastings Bioethics Forum. Immigrants, health inequities, and social citizenship in COVID-19 response and recovery. The Hastings Center. (blog)
- Center for Strategic and International Studies. COVID-19 and Food Security: What You Need to Know. 2020 April 24
- Fenton, Elizabeth and Chillag, Kata. Bioethics Forum.We Need International Medical Graduates to Help Fight Covid-19. Immigration Policies Keep Them Away. The Hastings Center. (blog)
- Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Elena. Refugee local responses in the time of COVID-19: preliminary reflections from North Lebanon. Refugeehost.org (blog)
- ISIM Blog. COVID-19 Impacts on Migration and Displacement. Georgetown University Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (blog)
- Joja, Iulia and Hamilton, Bob. MIDDLE EAST FOCUS. COVID-19 and Economic Migration. Middle East Institute (podcast)
- Kirisci, Kemal and Erdoğan, M. Murat. Turkey and COVID-19: Don’t forget refugees. Brookings.edu (blog)
- Le Tourneau, François-Michel and Milliken, William. COVID-19, isolated indigenous peoples and the history of the Amazon. The Conversation (blog)
- Migration Policy Institute. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Research and Analysis
- Munn, William. African Americans are contracting and dying from COVID-19 at higher rates. We know why. North Carolina Justice Center
- Reliefweb. Roma in the COVID-19 crisis: An early warning from six EU Member States. United Nations. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
- Shachar, Ayelet. Borders in the Time of COVID-19. Ethics and International Affairs. Carnegie Council (blog)
- The Telegraph. Thousands queue for food in South Africa amid lockdown (video)
- United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Indigenous Peoples. COVID-19 and Indigenous peoples
- World Bank. Food Security and COVID-19. 2020 May 4
- World Food Programme. HungerMap
- World Food Programme. COVID-19 – Potential Impact on the World’s Poorest People. 2020 April 8
COVID-19 and its Intersection with the Environment, Ecology and Climate Change
- Bloom, Martin; Fanzo, Jessica; Nahm, Jonas. SNF Agora Conversations: The Politics and Policy of COVID-19: Climate, Food Insecurity, and COVID-19. 2020 May 8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=zDtCjbMM46k (video) Stavros Niarchos Foundation. SNF Agora Institute. Johns Hopkins University (See also: https://snfagora.jhu.edu/ politics-and-policy-of-covid- 19/)
- Chakrabortya, Indranil and Maity, Prasenjit. COVID-19 outbreak: Migration, effects on society, global environment and prevention. Science of The Total Environment. 2020 August 1; 728: 138882
- Dantas,Guilherme; Siciliano, Bruno; Boscaro França, Bruno; Cleyton M.da Silva; Cleyton M.; Arbilla, Graciela. The impact of COVID-19 partial lockdown on the air quality of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment 2020 August 10; 729: 139085
- Martelletti, Luigi and Martelletti, Paolo. Air Pollution and the Novel Covid-19 disease: a putative disease risk factor. SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine. 2020; 2: 383-38
- Morrison, Lesley. Viewpoint: The COVID-19 and climate crises. British Journal of General Practice 2020; 70 (694): 241
- Saadata, Saeida ; Rawtani, Deepak; Hussain, Chaudhery Mustansar. Environmental perspective of COVID-19. Science of The Total Environment 2020 August 1; 728: 13887
- Schwartz, Stephen A. Climate Change, Covid-19, Preparedness, and Consciousness. EXPLORE. 2020 March 12.
- Wang, Qiang and Su, Min. A preliminary assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on environment – A case study of China. Science of The Total Environment 2020 August 1; 728: 138915
- Berkley Center. Berkley Forum. Religion and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Environmental Health. Georgetown University.
COVID-19 and Education
- Kim S; Kim YJ; Peck KR; Jung E. School Opening Delay Effect on Transmission Dynamics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Korea: Based on Mathematical Modeling and Simulation Study Journal of Korean Medical Science 2020 Apr 06; 35(13): e143
- Utunen, Heini; Ndiaye, Ngouille; Piroux, Corentin; George, Richelle; Attias, Melissa; Gamhewage, Gaya. Global Reach of an Online COVID-19 Course in Multiple Languages on OpenWHO in the First Quarter of 2020: Analysis of Platform Use Data. JMIR Journal of Medical Internet Research 2020 April; 22 (4): e19076
- Association for the Development of Education in Africa. Delivering education at home in ADEA’s African member states amid the COVID-19 pandemic: Brief status report.
- Association of African Universities. AAU on COVID-19
- Groetzinger, Kate. Navajo Families Without Internet Struggle To Home-School During COVID-19 Pandemic. National Public Radio
- Vegas, Emiliana. School closures, government responses, and learning inequality around the world during COVID-19. Brooking.edu (blog)
- Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health. COVID-19 Tele-education series for healthcare providers in low-and-middle income countries.
- UNICEF. Framework for Reopening Schools – Report by UNESCO, UNICEF, the World Bank and the World Food Programme. 2020 April 29
- World Bank. World Bank Education and COVID-19
Resources related to the Mayan Community, Indigenous Populations & Vulnerable Peoples (compiled by Claudia Sotomayor, M.D., D.Be.)
- United Nations (2020) COVID-19 and Indigenous peoples, available at: https://www.un.org/development/desa/indigenouspeoples/covid-19.html (extensive resource page with links to many documents and statements)
- Anonymous (2020) Responding to Healthcare Disparities and Challenges With Access to Care During COVID-19. [Online] 4 (1), 117–128. [online]. Available from: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/heq.2020.29000.rtl.
- Barrera-Bassols & Toledo (2005). Ethno-ecology of the Yucatec Maya: Symbolism, knowledge and management of natural resources. Journal of Latin American Geography, 4(1), 9-41. 10.1353/lag.2005.0021
- Blumenshine, Philip, et al. “Pandemic Influenza Planning in the United States from a Health Disparities perspective. (PERSPECTIVE).” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 14, no. 5, U.S. National Center for Infectious Diseases, May 2008, pp. 709–15, doi:10.3201/eid1405.071301
- Botero (2015) El cambio climático y sus efectos en la biodiversidad en América Latina. Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe. S.15-01295
- Christenson (2007) POPOL VUH: Sacred Book of Quiche Maya People. Available at: http://www.mesoweb.com/publications/Christenson/PopolVuh.pdf Accessed on: 2 March 2018
- Faust (1988). Cosmology and Changing Technologies of the Campeche-Maya. Dissertation Graduate School of Syracuse University. Doctor in Philosophy in Anthropology.
- Gobierno the Quintana Roo (2017) Transformamos La Calidad De Vida De Comunidades Mayas Con Más Y Mejores Oportunidades De Salud. Available at:https://qroo.gob.mx/qroo/transformamos-la-calidad-de-vida-de-comunidades-mayas-con-mas-y-mejores-oportunidades-de-salud
- Gobierno de Quintana Roo (2020) Quintana Roo cuenta con suficiente capacidad hospitalaria para atendder COVID-19 Available at: http://cgc.qroo.gob.mx/quintana-roo-cuenta-con-suficiente-capacidad-hospitalaria-para-atender-el-covid-19-carlos-joaquin/
- Instituto Nacional de Pueblos Indigenas (2020) Acciones en pueblos indigenas. Available at: https://www.gob.mx/inpi/articulos/el-inpi-implementa-acciones-en-pueblos-y-comunidades-indigenas-y-afromexicanas-ante-el-covid-19?idiom=es
- Mcmichael, A. & Beaglehole, R. (2000) The changing global context of public health. The Lancet. [Online] 356 (9228), 495–499.
- Micalco (2013). The use of numbers in embroidery in Tzeltal Mayan communities. Cultural-Historical Psychology, (3), 98-105.
- Nash (1967). The Logic of Behavior: Curing In A Maya Indian Town. Human Organization 26(3) 132-140
- Plough, Alonzo, et al. “Pandemics and Health Equity: Lessons Learned from the H1N1 Response in Los Angeles County.(Report).” Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, vol. 17, no. 1, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health, Jan. 2011.
- Quinn SC, Kumar S, Freimuth VS, Musa D, Casteneda-Angarita N, Kidwell K. (2011) Racial disparities in exposure, susceptibility, and access to health care in the US H1N1 influenza pandemic. Am J Public Health. 2011;101(2):285-93. http://proxy.library.georgetown.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/847329699?accountid=11091.
- Seid, M. & Harris, R. (2004) Globalization and Health in the New Millennium. Perspectives on Global Development and Technology. [Online] 3 (1), 1–46.
- Steele (1977). Dying, death, and bereavement among the Mayan Indians of Mesoamerica: A study in anthropological psychology. The American Psychologist, 32(12), 1060-1068. 10.1037//0003-066X.32.12.1060
COVID-19 and Cameroon, Africa in general, and some other countries in Africa (compiled by Alban Pascal Noudjom Tchana, s.c.j., M.A., Ph.D. (cand.)
- Cameroun: statistiques . (2019, 5 10). Retrieved from Organisation Mondiale de la Santé : https://www.who.int/countries/cmr/fr/
- Cooperation strategy between WHO and the Republic of Cameroon: 2017-2020. (2019, 5 10). Retrieved from Oraganización Mundial de la Salud : https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/259898
- Coronavirus: mesures instruites par le Président Paul BIYA. (2020, 03 18). Retrieved from République du Cameroun, Présidence de La République, : https://www.prc.cm/fr/actualites/4151-coronavirus-mesures-instruites-par-le-president-paul-bia
- De Montalvo Jääskeläinen, F. (2020, 04 01). La bioética en los tiempos del coronavirus. Retrieved from ABC.es : https://www.abc.es/opinion/abci-federico-montalvo-jaaskelainen-bioetica-tiempos-coronavirus-202004012042_noticia.html
- Denwo, J. (2020, 05 07). Au Cameroun, Mgr Kleda reçoit de nombreux soutiens pour ses recherches contre le coronavirus. Retrieved from La Croix : https://www.la-croix.com/Religion/Catholicisme/Monde/Au-Cameroun-Mgr-Kleda-recoit-nombreux-soutiens-recherches-contre-coronavirus-2020-05-07-1201093115
- Finacial Afrik, R. (2020, 05 08). Sénégal: le comité scientifique donne son feu vert à l’artemisia malgache. Retrieved from Financial Afrik: https://www.financialafrik.com/2020/05/08/senegal-le-comite-scientifique-donne-son-feu-vert-a-lartemisia-malgache/
- France 24. (2020, 05 05). Covid-19 in Madagascar: The president’s controversial ‘miracle cure’. Retrieved from France 24 English : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W5OYwdn_gh8
- Glez, D. (2020, 05 01). Cameroun : quand un archevêque prétend détenir un remède contre le coronavirus. Retrieved from Jeune Afrique : https://www.jeuneafrique.com/937724/societe/chronique-cameroun-quand-un-archeveque-pretend-detenir-un-remede-contre-le-coronavirus/
- Maclean, R. (2020, 03 17). Africa Braces for Coronavirus, but Slowly. Retrieved from The New York Times : https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/17/world/africa/coronavirus-africa-burkina-faso.html
- Mbembe, A. (2019). Necropolitics. Durham: Duke University Press.
- Mbembe, A. (2020). Brutalisme . Paris : La Découverte .
- Noudjom Tchana, A. (2019). Caminos y retos de la bioética desde una perspectiva africana. Salto hacia una bioética africana. Revista Iberoamericana de bioetcia , 1-9. Retrieved from Revista Iberoamericana de Bioetica .
- Nussbaum, B. (2003). Ubuntu: Reflections of a South African on Our Common Humanity. Reflection The Sol Journal, 21-26.
- OMS. (2020, 04 13). Les Conseil pour lutter contre la pandemie du covid-19. Retrieved from La Croix Africa: https://africa.la-croix.com/coronavirus-les-conseils-pratiques-pour-lutter-contre-le-virus-2/
- Shaheen, M ; Wolfgang, P ; Ndèye, A and Kallay, O. (2020, 04 28). Limiting the spread of COVID-19 in Africa: one size mitigation strategies do not fit all countries. Retrieved from The Lancet Global Health : https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(20)30212-6/fulltext#coronavirus-linkback-header
- Worldometers. (2020, 05 11). Population cameroon . Retrieved from Worldometers: https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/cameroon-population/
- Africanews. COVID-19 combat: Cameroon officials share washable masks in Douala https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFCg8LLpueo
- Africanews. Cameroon streets crowded despite COVID-19 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bPagX_AtV_k
- BBC – Africa. Coronavirus in Africa: Debunking fake news and myths around Covid-19. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yDowVv6zVTo
- BrendaBiyaTV. (Brenda Biya is the daughter of the President of Cameroon.) Cameroun, COVID-19 : UN REMÈDE PHYTOTHÉRAPEUTIQUE de Mgr Samuel Kleda https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hluR60bZ_xA
- DW News. (German public international broadcaster Deutsche Welle). Lockdowns in Africa: A price too high? | COVID-19 Special https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6jUEmv0IB8
- DW News. (German public international broadcaster Deutsche Welle). Coronavirus in Africa: How prepared is the continent? | Covid-19 Special https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5-hpD5K4_Q
- France 24. Covid-19 in Madagascar: The president’s controversial ‘miracle cure’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W5OYwdn_gh8&t=249s
- France24. Interview on France 24 of the General Secretary of the Francophony Louise Mushikiwabo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-GTvIe666PE
- Network Africa. COVID-19: Cameroon Intensifies Contact Tracing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIRot0bmwVs
Section III: Selected Resources: General Global Bioethics
- Afolabi, Michael Olusegun. Public Health Disasters: A Global Ethical Framework. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018. Bioethics Research Library. Available: KIE Stacks RA42.25.A36 2018
- Bagheri, Alireza, ed.; Moreno, Jonathan D., ed.; Semplici, Stefano, ed.
- Global Bioethics: The Impact of the UNESCO International Bioethics Committee. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016. Bioethics Research Library. Available: KIE Stacks QH332 .G564 2016
- Coggon, John.; Gola, Swati. Global health and international community ethical, political and regulatory challenges London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013. Available online.
- Chuwa, Leonard Tumaini. African indigenous ethics in global bioethics: interpreting Ubuntu.
- Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014. Bioethics Research Library. Available: KIE Stacks QH332 .C49 2014
- Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Elena; Loescher, Gil; Long, Katy; Sigona, Nando. The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies. New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2014.
- Mastroianni, Anna C.; Kahn, Jeffrey P.; Kass, Nancy E., eds. The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019. Bioethics Research Library. Available: KIE Stacks HF5387 .O95 2010
- McInnes, Colin; Lee, Kelley; Youde, Jeremy, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Global Health Politics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2020
- Millum, Joseph and Emanuel, Ezekiel J., eds. Global Justice and Bioethics. Oxford University Press, 2012. Available: KIE Stacks R724.G5955 2012
- Teays, Wanda, ed.. Global bioethics and human rights : contemporary issues
- Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014. Bioethics Research Library. Available:, KIE Stacks QH332 .G5626 2014
- ten Have, H.A.M.J. Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
- ten Have, H.A.M.J. Global bioethics: an introduction. Oxon, England; New York, New York: Routledge, 2016. Available: KIE Stacks QH332 .H384 2016
- ten Have, H.A.M.J. ed.; Gordijn, Bert, ed. Handbook of global bioethics. 4 volumes. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014. Bioethics Research Library. Available: KIE Reference QH332 .H28 2014
- Tham, Joseph, Kwan, Kai Man, Garcia, Alberto eds. Religious Perspectives on Bioethics and Human Rights. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017. Bioethics Research Library. Available: KIE Stacks BL65.H78 R48 2017
- Robson, Gail, Gibson, Nathan, Thompson, Alison, Benatar, Solomon, Denburg, Avram. Global health ethics: critical reflections on the contours of an emerging field, 1977–2015.
- BMC Medical Ethics 2019; 20, 53.
- Special Collection: Short Term Experiences in Global Health (STEGHs): urgent need for a legal and ethical framework. Annals of Global Health. 2019 June 17.
- Pratt, Bridget; and Hyder, Adnan A.; Ethical responsibilities of health research funders to advance global health justice. Global Public Health. 2019; 14 (1): 80-90
- Lawrence O Gostin, Lawrence O.; Monahan, John T.; Kaldor, Jenny; DeBartolo, Mary; Friedman, Eric A.; Gottschalk, Kattie, et al,. The legal determinants of health: harnessing the power of law for global health and sustainable development. Lancet. 2019 May 4; 393(10183): 1857-1910
- Schuklenk, Udo. How can we ensure that the global south benefits from and contributes to the field of bioethics? Developing World Bioethics. 2018 March; 18(1): 1-2.
- Pierson, Leah and Millum, Joseph. Health research priority setting: the duties of individual funders. American Journal of Bioethics. 2018; 18 (11): 6-17
- Chattopadhyay, Subrata, Myser, Catherine, Moxham Tiffany, De Vries, Raymond. A question of social justice: how policies of profit negate engagement of developing world bioethicists and undermine global bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics. 2017 October; 17(10): 3-14
- Gill, Stephen and Benatar, Solomon. Global Health Governance and Global Power: A Critical Commentary on the Lancet-University of Oslo Commission Report. International Journal of Health Services. 2016; 46(2):3 46-65
- Benatar, Solomon R. Global health and justice: re‐examining our values. Bioethics. 2013 July; 27(6): 297-304
- Kass, Nancy E. Public health ethics: from foundations and frameworks to justice and global public health. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics. 2004 Summer; 32(2): 232-42, 190.
- Hastings Bioethics Forum. The Hastings Center
- NIH Fogarty International Center. Global Health Resources.
- PREVENT Guidance: Pregnancy Research Ethics for Vaccines, Epidemics, and New Technologies (PREVENT) Working Group. September 2018
- World Health Organization. Guidance For Managing Ethical Issues In Infectious Disease Outbreaks. 2016
- Initiative Public Dialogue, Salt and Light Gathering, and Latino Leader Gathering. Co-sponsored by Catholic Relief Services. Global Dimension of the Coronavirus Crisis: Responsibilities and Solidarity, Policies and Priorities 2020 May 12 (video) (event link will be posted)
- Journals that publish articles relevant to COVID-19 and bioethics concerns around the world:
Except where otherwise noted, these resources were compiled by Roxie France-Nuriddin, Reference and Program Specialist, Bioethics Research Library and Laura J. Bishop, Associate Teaching Professor, Academic Program Director, Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University.