Bioethics News

Mother-child HIV transmission falls. Thailand example

From the early to mid-1990s, an epidemic wave of HIV-infected women and infants occurred. Heterosexual HIV transmission, as described in the Asian Epidemic Model, was the major mode of spread in Thailand, causing an increasing number of HIV-infected pregnant women a consequently raising Mother-child HIV transmission.

Mother-child HIV transmission

The early and concerted multi-sectoral response of Thai society reduced the prevalence of HIV infection in pregnant women from 2% in the mid-1990s to 0.6% in 2015 and mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) from an estimated 20-40% to 1.9%.  (see more HERE). For these reasons, has now been announced that this type of HIV transmission has been eradicated in Thailand, apparently making it the first Asian country to do so. The WHO considers that vertical transmission of HIV has been eliminated when the percentage of HIV-positive children is less than 2% ( Faculty of Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand – 2017 Feb 8).

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Source: Bioethics Observatory.

This article was originally published by the Bioethics Observatory of the Catholic University of Valencia. Up-to-date news and reports from the Bioethics Observatory at the Catholic University of Valencia (Spain), covering a wide range of bioethical issues including stem cell research, abortion, assisted suicide and much more. General interest and specialised topical articles with ethical implications, based on the latest research findings from some of the world's top medical and scientific journals.

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