I just read T. R. Teid’s 2009 book The Healing of America. It’s a timely read in light of the bar brawl over health care that’s brewing in the U.S. legislature this week. Of particular interest are his snapshots of the health care systems of the UK, France, Germany, Japan, Taiwan, Canada, and Switzerland, systems about which I held many cherished misconceptions. All of these countries provide universal health care coverage for their citizens, but they do so in very different ways. Some countries are single-payer systems; in other countries, costs are paid by multiple (not-for-profit!) insurance companies, and employers and workers share the cost of insurance premiums. In some countries patients must pay a co-pay, in others they never see a bill. In some countries people have long waits for specialist care, in other countries they get in the same day. Despite the differences, there are some very important similarities. First and foremost, everybody in the country is covered and has access to health care. Everybody can see any doctor; none are “out-of-network.” By almost every population health measure from childhood mortality to life expectancy, these countries far surpass the United States. And they do so at a cost that is a fraction what the United States spends for health care.
The attitudes expressed by representatives of the various countries are revealing. In France, one doctor says, “It would be stupid to say that everybody is equal . . . But when we get sick–then, everybody is equal.” The founder of Germany’s system, Otto von Bismarck, called it “applied Christianity,” and said, “A rich society must care for the poor.” Japan has an individual mandate; everyone must sign up with a health insurance plan.
The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.