by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.
A draft of a new executive order that would re-open CIA black site prisons (facilities outside the United States where more torturous forms of interrogation are not prohibited) and restart the use of enhanced interrogation techniques (which many consider to be torture) was made public on Wednesday. Trump also publicly stated that he believes torture works and thus thinks it should be reinstated.
Trump’s justification for torture is that without it “we’re not playing on an even field.” He said that since terrorists will torture people, we need to be able to do the same. Mr. Trump, two wrongs do not make a right.
Simply, torture is wrong. It is a willful infliction of harm on another human being, which violates notions of nonmaleficence. It also breaches a person’s dignity and autonomy. Torture defies Kant’s principle of humanity since torture victims are treated merely as means to achieving the end of learning information.
Legally, torture contravenes the Geneva Convention and the UN Declaration of Human Rights. Of course, some might argue that these detainees are not prisoners of war and thus are not covered. And the US is about to abandon the UN anyway (also look here). The International Criminal Court defines torture as a crime against humanity (the US is not a member of the Court). When you capture and detain people against their will and their government’s assent, and deny them basic rights of anyone living inside your own borders, that person is in fact your prisoner.