Bioethics Blogs

Authorship and Pets

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors is an
influential group that, as expected, takes publication and authorship very
seriously.  They have issued the most
generally accepted definition of the criteria for authorship of scientific
publications. They list these criteria very clearly and unambiguously on their website.
These criteria are:

recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

  •            Substantial
    contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition,
    analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

  •          Drafting the
    work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  •           Final
    approval of the version to be published; AND
  •          Agreement to
    be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related
    to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately
    investigated and resolved. “
  • They go on to say “All those designated as authors
    should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four
    criteria should be identified as authors.” There does not seem to leave much
    doubt as to their meaning. The practise of guest authorship, including authors
    with non-substantive contributions by virtue of their position was once common
    but is now considered inappropriate. However, no simple set of guidelines can
    address all possible circumstances. Which raises the point I am addressing in
    this blog: What about pets?

    An important paper
    on atomic behaviour published in Physical Reviews by Jack Hetherington and

    The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.