Bioethics Blogs

The moral problem of manufacturing children

Mark McQuain’s post yesterday about the moral concerns raised by some of the new things such as in vitro gametogenesis in conjunction with human induced pluripotent stem cells being developed in the field of artificial reproductive technology made me think of something that Leon Kass had written in the early days of in vitro fertilization. In the early years when in vitro fertilization was being hailed as an advance which would provide the ability to have their own biological children to many couples who were suffering from infertility for whom no effective treatment had previously been available, he and others warned that we needed to be morally cautious about this new technology because it would lead to us thinking of children as something that we could manufacture. A significant part of what he and others were saying was that up until that time the conception of children had always been something that was shrouded in a certain degree of mystery. There was an understanding of the miraculous nature of the creation of a new human being, and by those who had a sense of the divine origin of human beings it was understood that every child was a gift from God. This was something that impacted how children were viewed in society and individually by their parents. If each child was a gift from God, made in his image, and received through the natural consequence of the expression of the love the couple had for each other, we could understand that each child should be loved unconditionally.

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