Bioethics Blogs

Fetuses and Full Disclosure

Medicine has a notoriously long history of paternalism, particularly with regards to reproductive health. The past century has seen everything from forced sterilization of people of color and those with intellectual disabilities to nondisclosure of sexually transmitted diseases. Physicians have fought to regain the trust of the community through disclosure of key medical information and shared decision making, both of which are essential underpinnings of the bioethical principle of autonomy. Given the incredible emphasis on these concepts in contemporary medical training, it is surprising that the following law has now passed Texas Senate approval:

SB 25. A cause of action may not arise, and damages may not be awarded, on behalf of any person, based on the claim that but for the act or omission of another, a person would not have been permitted to have been born alive but would have been aborted. (b) This section may not be construed to eliminate any duty of a physician or other health care practitioner under any other applicable law.

In short, there can be no legal penalty against physicians who knowingly choose to withhold information from pregnant patients if the physician thinks it will prevent an abortion. This does not absolve the physician in question from professional consequences, like action from the Texas Medical Board. However, it does set an important precedent – namely, that the belief structure of the physician takes precedence over the rights of the patient. From a bioethical standpoint, this is an inexcusable violation of autonomy. Disclosure of all relevant information is critical to informed decision making, which is the bedrock of autonomy in the complex, jargon-laden world of modern medicine.

The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.