Bioethics News

 Genetic engineering. New genetically modified microorganism is synthesised

The company Synthetic Genomics has synthesised genetically modified microorganisms to produce biofuels and different chemical products. The bacteria produced — called JCVI- Syn 3.0 – is the third synthetic biological organism that the group has produced. Its genome contains 473 genes, 52 less than the Mycoplasma genitalium produced by Craig Venter’s team, whose achievement was published last 25th March. The biological importance of this genetic engineering attainment, synthetic production of this microorganism, is that the production of a cell with such few genes may be an important step to better understand how cells work in their most basic aspect (Nature Medicine 22, 455, 2016).

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