Bioethics Blogs

Brain Death – Two False Assumptions

In this recent presentation Bob Truog argues that brain death suffers from two false assumptions.

We equate brain death with death of the human being.  Brain death is legally defined as the COMPLETE cessation of ALL functions of the ENTIRE brain.  But that is not what clinicians are measuring.  Brain death tests measure only a small subset of brain functions.   For example, they does not test hormonal balance salt/fluid or temperature control.  I too recently highlighted the “gap” between legal standards and medical standards in the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.

Before the 1990’s, cardiopulmonary death quickly followed brain death, confirming the idea that that integrative functions cannot be sustained without the brain.  But today, we can sustain brain dead bodies for prolonged periods of time.  So, a human being still has integrative functions despite being determined brain dead.

The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.