Guest post by Dr Atina Krajewska, University of Sheffield
A couple of weeks ago news hit the headlines about attempts to introduce a total ban on abortion in Poland. The legislative proposal that caused outrange among women’s rights organisations has been drafted by a citizen’s initiative, “Stop Abortion”, and is the fourth attempt to restrict abortion access to have been given a parliamentary hearing in Poland in the last 5 years. The proposal must be supported by 100 000 signatures before it can be voted in Parliament. However, as this threshold has been easily met in the past, it is worth reflecting on its causes and possible legal and social consequences for Poland and Europe.
Poland is well known for its conservative approach towards reproductive rights. The current Act on Family Planning, from 1993, extends the protection of the right to life to the prenatal phase of human life. It allows doctors to perform lawful abortions in only three sets of circumstances: when a) the pregnancy constitutes a danger to the life or health of the mother; b) prenatal tests suggest a high risk of a serious and irreversible abnormality or a severe life-threatening illness of the foetus; c) there is a justified suspicion that the pregnancy is a result of a criminal act (rape or incest). A lawful termination can take only place within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The Act has been often criticised as one of the most restrictive in Europe.
Nevertheless, despite popular belief, it is not the current law that seems to lie at the root of the problem.
The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.