This is the second blog post in our series Modernizing Human Subjects Research Protections, which analyzes the relationship between the recently released notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), proposing changes to the Common Rule governing federally supported human subjects research, and the Bioethics Commission’s work. This post reviews the relationship between the NPRM and portions of the Bioethics Commission’s response to the corresponding advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) in 2011.
The July 2011 ANPRM sought public comment on several potential changes to research regulations. In Moral Science: Protecting Participants in Human Subjects Research, the Bioethics Commission reviewed federal and international protections for participants in human subjects research. As a part of that review, the Bioethics Commission commented on the considerations highlighted by the ANPRM.
The Bioethics Commission has long espoused the principle of regulatory parsimony—calling for only as much oversight as necessary to uphold ethical standards. Applying this principle to human subjects research, the Bioethics Commission asserted that research oversight should be restructured to appropriately calibrate the level and intensity of review with the level of risk posed to participants. Calibrating the intensity of review to the level of risk allows IRBs to give more attention to higher-risk research. The Bioethics Commission supported specific changes to the Common Rule to help foster regulatory parsimony, in particular, regularly updating the list of research categories eligible for accelerated review processes and eliminating follow-up requirements for certain lower-risk studies.
The NPRM proposes several changes that would reduce unnecessary regulation of low-risk research. Under the proposal, several low-risk activities and categories of research would no longer be deemed human subjects research under the Common Rule.
The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.