The Do-It-Yourself synthetic biology movement (or, DIY synbio) is mixed up, in a naive and dangerous way. What it’s advocating is not “citizen science,” let alone “democratizing science.” It’s not about science or democracy.
The folks promoting DIY synbio — Counter Culture Labs, in Berkeley, for instance — are actually discouraging people from practicing science. Science is a quest to understand the nature of reality, with an appreciation with each new insight of how much more remains to be comprehended. It’s a serious quest, because the stakes of misunderstanding reality are so high. But the goal in synbio is not about understanding reality, or one’s own ignorance. It’s about trying to fundamentally change reality, based on one’s own narrow perspective and fantasies.
Rejecting reality is really at the root of synbio. Some synbio engineers go so far as to strive to rid our species of aging and death, which are essential aspects of being alive. Yes, there’s an eagerness for more knowledge — but only the tidbits about the extremely narrow slice of reality that synbio engineers think they need to know to force an organism to do whatever they desire to force it to do. The word “hacking” captures the inherent violence of this mindset.
That’s not good science; it’s bad engineering. And the same kind of thinking about the natural world that got us into the current ecological mess. So Counter Culture and their ilk promote “citizen genetic engineers,” or “citizen bioengineers.” But not “citizen scientists.”
How democratic is the idea of “citizen bioengineers”?
The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.