Recently, some U.S. educational institutions have used personalized genetic testing (PGT) as a pedagogical tool for teaching human genetics, allowing students to generate real-world experiences with technology relevant to course content. In a recent article published in the Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education, Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (Bioethics Commission) staff members Tenny Zhang and Misti Ault Anderson assert that PGT also can be an effective tool for incorporating ethics into the biology classroom. Experiencing PGT first-hand represents a chance for students to reflect upon and discuss the many facets of genetic testing, including the interpretation, limitations, and potential impacts on individuals and society.
PGT in the educational setting provides an opportunity to integrate ethical considerations into the science classroom since genetic testing can raise a number of ethical concerns, including ensuring informed consent, protecting privacy, and promoting accessibility, among others. Integrating discussion about ethics into biology courses that offer PGT can help students to make direct and personal connections between the science learned in class and related bioethical challenges, and encourage consideration of the broader ethical implications of genetic testing.
While it has not taken a position on the use of PGT in the classroom itself, the Bioethics Commission has consistently emphasized in its work the need for ethics education across various disciplines, educational levels, and settings. As part of its ongoing effort to support bioethics education, the Bioethics Commission developed educational materials to facilitate ethics integration.
The Bioethics Commission’s topic-based modules, which are designed to be flexible to support multiple approaches to implementation and can be adapted into existing curricula in various educational settings, can provide a helpful resource to instructors using PGT in classrooms.
The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University.